The Northern Shan States are named as follows
1. Mynechai. 6. Hotha.
2. Mynechon. 7. Latha.
3. Sayfan. 8, Mynela.
4. Mynemaw. 9. Sanda.
6. Mynewnn. 10. Myneetee.
The population of these States would be probably 250,000.*
Dr. Anderson, describing the Shans between Bhamo and the Chinese . frontier, writes : " The Shans of these valleys are A
* fair race, somewhat sallow like the Chinese, but of
a faintly darker hue than Europeans. They have red cheeks, dark brown eyes, and black hair. The Shan face is usually short, broad, and flat. The nose is well formed, the bridge being prominent, almost aquiline, without the breadth and depression characteristic of the Burman feature. The lower jaw is broad and well developed. The higher classes seem to be distinguished from the common people by more elongated oval faces and a decidedly Tartar type of countenance."f
They are not a tall race, the average height for men scarcely reaching five feet eight.
The great body of the Shan population is engaged in agriculture and the care of cattle. They are essentially a race of horse-breeders, whose wealth is estimated by the number of these animals. They are a simple-living people* among whom drunkenness and licentiousness are all but unknown. The/ are very superstitious, and believe in ghosts, fairies, nats, and evil omens.
They are a good-natured, contented race, and, compared with the jovial Burmans, a quiet and rather sedate people.
The dress of the male peasants is a double-breasted loose jacket reaching
I)regg to the loins and buttoned down the right side ; the
buttons frequently jade, amber, or silver. The turbans are thick blue woollen cloth, with a long fringe at the end, which15 usually wound up with the pigtail and brought round the outside. In rain/ and sunny weather a very broad straw hat covered with oiled silk is over the turban. The trousers are very loose, and reach only a little belo^ the knee. The shins are bound round with long strips of blue cloth.
The women wear a neat turban, a loose jacket closely fitting round the neck ; a petticoat of thick cotton stuff, and over this an ornamented sktfk They wear ornamented leggings and shoes.
The Western Shans have lost many of their distinctive customs fre# their intimate association with the Burmans ; while the Eastern Shans ha^e in many instances preserved their ancient civilisation and peculiar nation** customs, which contrast so markedly with those of the Chinese and BurmaA5*
The different divisions of the " Tai " family have alphabets of their o** Hie Shans follow the Burmese alphabet closely, one-half of their letters being identical in form with the Burmese letters, and, like the Burmese letters, the/ are circular. The letters of the Tai-mow, who are found in the extreme nort^ east of Burma and in Yunan, are the same as those of the Shans, with t^: additional characters, which are diamond-shaped instead of circular,
the Tai-mow attribute to Chinese influence, rf* ^nguage' doubtedly, the language of the different divis^J
of the Tai family was originally the same, but in process of time bee*^
* Major S laden.
f Dr. Anderson's Expedition to Yunnan.f Dr. Anderson's Expedition to Yunnan.