the north-east and west- sides scarcely any wall remained, but high reedy grass had sprung up. A range of low buildings ran along each face in a line with the walls, which our troops occupied. There was a phoongyee house on each side and adjoining the base of the pagoda itself. In these the officers were quartered, one only being reserved for a magazine. There were four large entrances on the top platform, open and about 30 feet wide. Flights of steps joined the entrances from below.
The second terrace was twelve feet below the upper, and extended about 40 feet on all sides from the wall. There was another descent of six feet, when a third terrace also ran about 40 feet. The second and third terraces were respectively 320 and 450 yards in length on each side of the pagoda. The high grass prevented our sentries in many places from seeing each other, and exposed them to sudden surprise, the Burmans being most skilful in creeping noiselessly through grass to cut down sentries. There were a great many small pagodas on the east and west sides, a little way beyond the lower terrace. These were so close together that on the east face, 1*20 yards off, they formed a complete wall 40 yards long, behind which the enemy were in perfect safetjv
On the 12th December General Godwin with 1,200 men left for Pegu in two steamers and in boats, whilst a land column was despatched under Colonel Short to clear the line between Rangoon and Pegu, where parties of Burmans were harassing the villagers. The water column arrived on the 14th, and the Burmans, finding themselves between two fires, retired before they were attacked.
The next morning the whole Burmese army, of 9,000 or 10,000 men, were observed from the pagoda taking up a position and entrenching themselves on the plains about the village of Kully, about 5 miles on the Shwaygyeen road.
On the 16th orders were issued for the following force to be in readiness to march the following morning:a
570 men Bengal Fusiliers. I 330 men Sikhs.
182 men 10th Bengal Native Infantry. | 150 men Madras Fusiliers.
30 men Sappers.
Total 1,230 men.
These were ordered to take one day's ration with them, which were carried in carts drawn by buffaloes.
Our force marched out of the pagoda and emerged on the plain about half-past 9 a.m. On reconnoitring their position it appeared to be three lines of entrenchments,athe right on the river, and extending across the Shwaygyeen road far into the plain ; on the left of the road, which was the centre of their position, ran a jungly nala, which was subsequently found to be so spiked and entrenched, that had the advance been by that route, our loss would have been very considerable. General Godwin determined to turn the left of their position, and moved in that direction. The Cassay horse approached and kept pace with one column, moving on our right flank. Afte* the force had turned the left of the first line of entrenchments, it was halted and dispositions made for attacking in two columnsaone, the left, under General Steel ; the other under General Godwin.
* The left column was soon in its place, impatiently waiting the signal to advance. It was not given. The enemy were seen moving in huge masses from their left, and had thecolnmn been permitted, it could have cut them off-When the advance by General Godwin took place, the enemy was in full retreat ; and although the attacking party was exceedingly energetic, our mett were never able to approach sufficiently near to do the execution they would* The left column was soon in its place, impatiently waiting the signal to advance. It was not given. The enemy were seen moving in huge masses from their left, and had thecolnmn been permitted, it could have cut them off-When the advance by General Godwin took place, the enemy was in full retreat ; and although the attacking party was exceedingly energetic, our mett were never able to approach sufficiently near to do the execution they would