opened stores on their own account. These men had been dealing direct with the Dusuns, there being no Sulus much above Sidano. Here we anchored for two days, the 6 Royalist ' taking in a cargo of damar collected by one of these Chinamen. The few Chinese settled here had not seen a steamer for nearly two years ; in the meanwhile they had been busy trading with the Dusuns. They valued the cargo we took on board at 15,000 dollars. It is wonderful how the Chinese will settle for a few years on the coast of some of these islands, and after that time they are able to retire with a fortune, unless cut up by the Sulus. I made several expeditions on shore, and followed the course of a small river some distance inland. Besides Dusuns, there are numbers of Manilla men here, a somewhat stunted and ugly lot ; various signs of the Cross cut on the trees indicate that they have at one time or other received their religious instruction from the priests. The mountains here come right down to the sea-coast and are covered with high forest. I thought this would be a suitable place from which I could explore the mountains, but the explorer might have to remain for a long period without seeing a steamer ; the coast here being open to the full force of the China Sea, and a mass of coral-reefs often uncovered at low water, it would be dangerous to coast along in small boats, to say nothing of the numerous piratical Sulu " dapongs."
We returned to Kalusian, where my men had been left. I landed here also for some hours while the steamer loaded up with rattans. The Sulus here seem more peaceable than those of Taguso, and go about unarmed, even without their " barongs." Kalusian is no great distance from Kalamutan ; but the Dusuns would not be more inclined to assist the explorer, if they did not evince open hostility, as the Sulus would do their best to keep the interior closed against white men. In a few days we once more reached Labuan, where most of the Kadyans were more or less ill with fever.
After packing up my collections and shipping them home, I prepared for my second and final expedition to Kina Balu, the success of which surpassed all my expectations.
A full account of the birds found and discovered by me in this island will be found in the Appendix at the end of the volume.