wait until after such an event before replanning the village. I am sure no one who has visited Java can doubt the sincere desire of the Dutch Government to benefit the native population under its rule, which of course at the same time must benefit those who govern by bringing about peace and prosperity. If any other proof were wanting, the natural increase of the native population would be sufficient ; but above all, I think, the rulers deserve all honour for the protection they aiford to native labour.
The Dutch colonists have some curious customs which are, on the whole, more suited to the climate than to the neatness of their personal appearance. In the early mornings the gentlemen wander about their houses and occasionally in the public roads in their pyjama costume, which consists of a loose wThite linen jacket and a pair of most gaudily coloured and extravagantly patterned loose linen trousers ; a pair of bath-slippers complete the costume. In this attire they remain until after the morning bath, when they dress for breakfast : the pyjama costume is donned again after the mid-day meal, when a siesta lasts until four o'clock ; then tea is indulged in, after which another bath is taken before dressing for the six o'clock dinner. In the evenings short walks or drives are apparently the only outdoor recreation indulged in, the Dutch, unlike the English, never exerting themselves wTith violent exercise in this hot climate ; consequently they become stout, but, after a long sojourn in the tropics, probably return to the Fatherland in a much better state of health than Englishmen, who often expose themselves too much during the heat of the day. The early morning attire of the Dutch ladies consists of a white frilled loose jacket, a bright-coloured sarong, white stockings, and a pair of high-heeled shoes, their hair hanging loosely dowrn the back. In this costume the morning housework is done, and it is again donned for the afternoon siesta. After 8 p.m. it is once more dress as you please ; and I must say this free-and-easy style is very suitable to the hot climate.
On the 10th I embarked for Sourabaya. The steamer was no longer a mail-steamer,
but one of the large coasting-steamers which ply between the Dutch possessions in the Archipelago. These steamers, considering the exorbitant fares charged, are dirty and uncomfortable, their cabins scarcely habitable, and must be considered somewhat behind
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