4A H. Ling Roth.aNatives of Sarawak and Brit. 2V. Borneo.
Bungal Ida'an (Dusun) house in which we lodged was the best I have ever seen among the aborigines: it was boarded with finely-worked planks; the doors were strong and excellently made, with a small opening for the dogs to go in and out; everything looked cleanaquite an unusual peculiarity.
The flooring of beaten-out bamboos was very neat, and free from all dirt, which I have never before noticed in a Dayak house, where the dogs generally render everything filthy. As this was the cleanest, so I think my friend the Bisayan chief's house on the Lim-bang was the dirtiest ato describe its abominations would turn the reader's stomach." (St. John i. 248.) " The dwellings which, near the coast, are generally of atap or thatch made from the leaves of the nipa palm, are here (among the Dusuns) nearly entirely of bamboo, the roof being thatched with atap of cocoanut or the sago palm." (Burbidge,
" The Dusun long house is built like those of the Muruts and Bissayas on the Limbang with the single exception that the floor is not so high above the ground and that the front is open or nearly open while the front of the Murut houses is closed, and besides the doorway there is a narrow opening along the whole length of the building which serves as a window and can be used as a loophole against the enemy when attacked. Nor did I see any stockaded Dusun house in North Borneo. The house is completely built out of neat bambu, the main entrance is at the end of the house. On the left is a verandah roofed over against sun and storm ; 011 the right are the long rows of chambers for women and married people ; the unmarried have no chambers. Above the property of the inhabitants is stored. ... At the end of the house is a raised platform for visitors. (De Crespigny Berl. Zeit. N. F., v. 335.) Elsewhere the same traveller says everything is kept as clean as a new pin." (Proc. Roy. Geogr. Soc. ii., 1858, 344.)
Diagram to show Undup method of building the Tanju (platform). A main post ; B beam ; C cross piece ; D joists ; E lanties of nibong palm (if rich), of bambu (if poor). (From sketoh by Mr. Crossland.)
Cuts in Posts
For supporting beams, cross pieces, and c. Cut as A when the cross piece is left in the round and as B when the cross piece is cut similarly to C. (From a sketch by Mr. F. W. Leggatt.)For supporting beams, cross pieces, and c. Cut as A when the cross piece is left in the round and as B when the cross piece is cut similarly to C. (From a sketch by Mr. F. W. Leggatt.)