i2o H. Ling Roth.aNatives of Sarawak and Brit. 7. Borneo.
They receive the sea broadside on, and the natives manage their craft with such dexterity that, although they often go to sea when a ship's boat could not live five minutes, they never swamp. They are about 40 feet long, the bottom being a simple canoe hollowed out
of a tree ; planks are raised on each side fastened by wooden pegs : in place of knees they strengthen the boat by several thwarts connecting each plank, a beam runs down the middle of the boat fastened to the thwarts. The ends of the boat are square, fastened by pegs and rotans. They are strong and buoyant and are propelled by short oars fastened on rotan row-locks. The natives use a large sail, and the boats, from being so flat bottomed, sail with great speed before the wind, or when the wind is at all free. The ordinary mode of steering is by two large rudders, one fixed on each side ; these however are unshipped when crossing a bar and a long oar substituted." (S.G., No. 122.) Sir Chas. Brooke states these barong look like an oval washing tub only a little longer in dimensions. The Mukah people 44 have an idea that their boats cannot founder in a high sea unless they go to pieces. They pull short oars with a plunging and splashing stroke, with more jerk than spring, and the tub splashes through the water as dry as a collier, and while coming in through a heavy breaking surf running far over their heads, they watch for the roll, and while in the trough pull with all their might ; but when the wave is curling to break, they suddenly slew their ^^ crafts broadside on, and so receive it with the exposed side well out of water. Directly it has passed, away they go again as fast as possible, until another roller overtakes them, when they repeat the same manuvre.2 It is well known in Mukah, and other places in the 2 Mr. Hose (J.A.I, xxiii. 158) alio describes this surf running.