This is the largely used resin obtained from the Agathis (=Dammar a orientalis.) " The Dyaks mix it with oil for paying the seams of boats." (Low, p. 49.)
The Tapang Tree.
This tree was mentioned when Honey-getting was described, and it should now be added that Mr. W. Botting Hemsley, of Kew, writing to Mr. F. W. Burbidge, of Trinity College Gardens, Dublin, says that from a hint given him by Sir Hugh Low, he finds " the tapang tree is Koompassia excelsa Taubert, syn Abauria excelsa Beccari."
" Mengkabang, or vegetable tallow [Dipterocarpus], is procured in the following manner from one of the wild fruits of the jungle :aWhen the fruit, a species of nut, has been gathered, it is picked, dried, and pounded, and after being thoroughly heated in a shallow cauldron, it is put into a rattan bag and subjected to a powerful pressure. The oil oozes from the bag, and Dammar Fruit.
being run into bamboo moulds is there allowed to ^^tu^ha*a cool, in which state it becomes hard and yellow, (L. c. Richlrd^Conifers, 1.19.) somewhat resembling unpurified bees' wax. It is
principally used by the Dyaks and Malays for cooking, being very palatable, but in this country it is employed for the manufacture of patent candles, for which it is superior to palm oil.
" Ratio oil is procured from another wild nut, and is expressed in a somewhat similar manner. It is a beautiful yellow transparent fluid, with a smell very much like bitter almonds, and I have little doubt that it will yet be found a very valuable article of commerce.
" The press employed by the Dyaks in expressing these oils is, like many other of their contrivances, both simple and effective. It consists of two semi-cylindrical logs about 7 feet long, placed in an upright position, their flat surfaces being fitted together and their lower ends securely fastened to each other. On each of their upper ends a stout knob is cut, and a third piece of wood, about two feet long, nine inches wide, and two inches thick, with a hole cut in about a foot long and three inches wide, is put over the knobs so as to clasp them together. Wedges are then inserted between the outside of the knob and the inside of the hole, and these when driven home subject whatever is between the logs to a powerful pressure." (Horsburgh, p. 41.)
Sir Hugh Low mentions several oils used by the natives, one miniak kapayang from a tree called pangium edule, and c. One wood oil, ' miniak kruing "is extracted from the trees which produce it, by simply cutting a large hole in the tree, into which fire being placed, the oil is attracted. The tree probably belongs to the order Myrtaceae." (Low, p. 48.)Sir Hugh Low mentions several oils used by the natives, one miniak kapayang from a tree called pangium edule, and c. One wood oil, ' miniak kruing "is extracted from the trees which produce it, by simply cutting a large hole in the tree, into which fire being placed, the oil is attracted. The tree probably belongs to the order Myrtaceae." (Low, p. 48.)