size as the rattan, exactly fits the barrel. In this cone the heavier end of the shaft is fixed. . . . War-arrows differ from sporting arrows by having a loose barbed point attached, either of tin or bamboo ; this point is besmeared with poison, and when shot home would remain in the wound with most of the poison."
The arrows are " carried in very neatly carved bamboo cases." (St. John ii. 89.) When the Kyans face an enemy the quiver at the side is open; "and, whether advancing or retreating, they fire the poisoned missiles with great rapidity and precision : some hold four spare arrows between the fingers of the hand which grasps the sumpitan, whilst others take their side-case." (Sir Jas. Brooke ; Mundy i. 260.) "The quiver for these arrows is really curious, beautifully made from the large bamboo, and besides, the darts usually contain a variety of amulets or charms, in the shape of pebbles, bones, and odd pieces of wood, with the skins of monkeys." (ibid, ii. 227.) Mr. Whitehead also speaks of the " neatly made bamboo case, with a prong at the side for fixing in the chawat, and ornamented with rattan plaits." (p. 76.)
" In advancing, the sumpitan is carried at the mouth and elevated, and they will discharge at least five arrows to one compared with a musket. Beyond a distance of twenty yards they [the Kayans] do not shoot with certainty, from the lightness of the arrow, but I have frequently seen them practise at the above-named range, and they usually struck near the centre of the crown, none of the arrows being more than an inch or two from each other. On a calm day the utmost range may be a hundred yards." (Sir Jas. Brooke, Mundy i. 261.) Capt. Mundy says : " At twenty yards distance, the barb meeting the bare skin, would
The small tassel at the side is made of strings of variously coloured glass beads, with a canine tooth in the middle. On the same side as this tassel, that is opposite the belt attachment, there is a thin square strip of bambu which is fastened in its place by all the bands of plaited cane passing over it. The bottom of the quiver is formed by the natural joint. The cover is likewise formed by the natural joint ; on the top is the flattened spiral of a shell (conus) embedded in gutta, surrounded by two inches of small shells (nassa). Three equi-distant thin square strips of bambu are found attached between the two bands of plaited rattan. On the free string from the belt attachment are strung a series of graduated opaque turquoise blue beads, and at the end is a small gourd with a wooden plug. In the midst of the bead tassel on the plug is a small brass hawk bell. Total length, including cover, i5|in. ; length of quiver only, 13m. ; weight, including gourd and 24 darts, barely 14 oz.
(Oxford Mus.)(Oxford Mus.)