H. Lincx Roth.aNatives of Sarawak and Brit. N. Borneo.
" I have seen a Murut strike fish after fish with unerring certainty with arrows from a sumpitan, even at more than a foot below the surface of the stream." (Burbidge, p. 62.)
We have seen above that spears are used when tuba fishing, although occasionally their use is forbidden. " The fish spears in use are the pendawan and serepang. The pendawan is simply a barbed spear with a slender iron fore-shaft ; the serepang is a forked spear furnished with a long bamboo shaft, and with either two, three, or four metal prongs." (Brooke Low.) "The fish spear (saram-pang) is so arranged that when a fish is struck the head of the weapon comes out of the socket, but the head being tied to the bamboo shaft, it is impossible for a fish to remain long under water as the bamboo is always bearing it to the surface, when another spear is plunged into the fish and it is secured." (Hose, J.A.I, xxiii. 160.)
Fishing by Torchlight.
"Another mode of fishing is to creep along the bank in a canoe after dark with a torch in one hand and a fish spear in the othei, to stick the mudfish as they rise to the surface confused by the light. Prawns are also caught in this fashion, but with a hand net." (Brooke Low.)
"At Labuan, during a low tide, the shore for miles is a perfect blaze with torches; there, however, a curious crab is the object of capture." (Whitehead, p. 80.)
Diving for Fish.
Mention has been made of Dyaks jumping into the water to secure fish. "They often catch the fish in the upper waters by diving into the rocky pools and pulling them out of the holes and crevices. The sema especially are caught in this way." (Brooke Low.) " The operation is simple: stones are hurled into a pool in the river ; the fish fly for concealment under the stones and to the holes in the rocks ; the men jump in and soon bring them out of their hiding-places." (St. John 1191.)
" It is verv curious to see the Murat sitting on some slabs and pulling out fish from underneath. My companions catch fish in open water with nothing but their hands. One among them, a converted Peluan-Dusun, often succeeds
Dyak Fishing Spear.
Bambu handle ; hardwood prongs secured in position by cane (repaired with string).
Length of handle 4ft. 5jin
Length of prongs nearly 3m.
Weight nearly 90z.Weight nearly 90z.