Stang - - - Upper Sarawak river.
Tebia - - - Tebia river, left-hand branch of Sarawak river.
" Fifteen miles above the town of Kuching the Sarawak river divides, and the branches are wrongly called the right and left-hand branches as viewed coming from the mouth and not as coming from the source ; on the left-hand branch, as wrongly so called, are the Sentah, Sigu, Sennah, Sampro, and Sibungoh, and on the right-hand branch the Sarambau, Singgi, Engkroh, and Sow.
" The Land Dyaks as a race are small, slightly built, untatued ; colour same as Malays, hair black and straight. In some villages in the Samarahan I found men (the Bukars) with small goat-like beards. Language is entirely different from Malay or Sea Dyak, and it differs so much among the tribes that those in Upper Sarawak find difficulty in making themselves understood in the Upper Sadong. One peculiarity in the Land Dyak is their inability to pronounce the letter /, using r in its place, thus for the Malay
word bilalangagrasshopperathey say birarang (inversely to what the Chinaman does, who not being able to pronounce an r uses an If. Some of the Land Dyaks, but not all, burn their dead, and a few tribes will touch the flesh of deer. They hold feasts and consult birds and omens and believe in a Supreme Being, whom they call Dervata. They live mostly on the sides of mountains, but have probably been driven to them for protection from their enemies the Sea Dyaks. The Upper Sadong tribe is an exception to this, as their villages are found principally on the river banks.
II.a"The Sea Dyaks occupy the country from the boundary of the Land Dyaks eastwards to a line somewhat as follows : From the Tatan river,
story is true as regards the descent of the Sauhs. It will be remembered in the account given of the Serambo Dyaks, that Rupak had a step-son called Bunga, the child by a first husband of a widow whom he had married. Bunga's son was Putan, who moved to Sungie Pinang; his son was Karud, and Karud's son Makurng moved his portion of the tribe to Beratak. Hence the Sauh tribe. The Grogos bear out this, and say that when they left Dinding they went to Sungie Pinang, thence to Rata Manas, thence to Gunong Kingi, and then settled at Beratak. When they came to Beratak they found the Gumbang and Tringus Dyaks already on their respective mountains." (Denison, ch. iii. pp. 24. 25.)
8 " Many individuals in Europe are of opinion that the Dyaks are descended from the Chinese, and the latter themselves entertain the same supposition ; one fact, however, will tend greatly to weaken this notion. The Dyaks, even those who reside constantly with the Chinese settlers, can never attain the pronunciation, or even a correct knowledge of the idiom of the language spoken by the latter, a circumstance which does not arise from any deficiency of intellect or application in the Dyaks, since they acquire a perfect knowledge of the Malay and Bugis tongues with the greatest facility. The formation of the two latter, however, and many of the words they contain, are perfectly similar to the dialects of the Dyaks, which accounts for the readiness with which they are acquired." (Earl, p. 276.)
Sea Dyak Woman. (From C. Dammar's Coll.)Sea Dyak Woman. (From C. Dammar's Coll.)