Sowing and Caretaking.
of sticks, six or seven feet long, were cut and laid from the cross-pieces to the sloping ground. The whole was then thatched in one slope with branches bearing a long, palm-like leaf, all carefully turned downwards. This is the ordinary jungle dangaa ; better ones, which have the flooring raised completely from the ground, are sometimes made, and different leaves used, but ours well sufficed as a shelter for one or two nights. It was finished in an hour or so." (p. 37a)
" The Senahs have built many of their farm-houses in the trees overhanging the stream ; in one was a whole family engaged in the important operation of preparing dinner ; and it was amusing to observe the little children coming fearlessly to the very edge of the platform above the rushing stream to look at us, standing in positions so dangerous that they would drive an English mother distracted." (St. John i. 138.) At Kiau, on the steep side of the opposite hill, are numerous little farms, and on each you see a tiny flat-topped bamboo hut, which is used for shelter and rest during field labour." (Burbidge, p. 289.) " Other Dusuns likewise build these farm huts." (Whitehead, p. 107.)
" During its growth the field is always weeded twice : this, as they are assisted by no tools, with the exception of their parang, is a very toilsome occupation, which is always Woman's Weeding Hoe.
carefully accomplished by Len^th' I2in- Baram River
the industry of the Dyak,
as the rapid growth of the weeds would soon spoil his crop." (Low, p. 229.) "Another grievance is the grass, originally called rumpat teka, but since nicknamed rumput blanda, and which they declare was introduced by the whites to feed their cattle on. It is now a proverbial saying with them that it is impossible to get rid of this grass, likewise it is unprofitable to shake off the rule of the white man." (Brooke Low.)
"They are obliged to take all hands they can get, and the children are either made to work in the farm, or to search for and carry home the fruit they find. Occasionally after they have been working the whole day in the farms, they go out in the evening with torches, into the jungle to seek for fruit. At times, when the work is very pressing, the whole village seems deserted ; all people stay in the jungle, in houses they build on their farms ; they often stay there for days and weeks, and only some sick people, old men and women, and little children stay at home." (F. W. Abe, at Quop Gosp. Miss. ; 1st May, 1863, p. 77.) " During the farming operations the family generally reside on the spot, returning to the village with the produce." (Bethune, Jour. R. Geog. S., 1846. xvi. 298; Grant, p. 31.)
The duties of attending to the crops are, as it too often happens, left to the " women and children, while the able-bodied men seek other and more congenial occupation, i.e., either follow a war-path, or journey into the far interior, or plunge into the jungle in quest of its produce. As the paddyThe duties of attending to the crops are, as it too often happens, left to the " women and children, while the able-bodied men seek other and more congenial occupation, i.e., either follow a war-path, or journey into the far interior, or plunge into the jungle in quest of its produce. As the paddy