" Their chief settlements are :a A up - - Upper Sadong river.
Bukar - - - Foot of Mount Bukar, Upper Samarahan river.2 Brang - - - Left hand branch, Sarawak river. Engrat (Min-grat) Upper Sadong river
2 According to Mr. Denison, the Bukar tribes villages are Kumpang, Lanchang, Jinan and Mungo Babi. At Sungei Buah he writes : " Here the Pegu people settled and amalgamated with the Sarawak villagers, and I am assured that in former times beards and whiskers such as are now seen among the Bukar Dyaks were not uncommon among the Malays of Sarawak. The majority of the Pegu people went to the Samarahan and settled in the midst of the Si Muntungs, who, having been but slightly crossed with other natives, the strain shows more plainly and accounts for the whiskers and beards of the Bukars, though this peculiarity is 5-early becoming less perceivable. In fact, even so late as the European occupation of the country, the falling off in numbers of those Dyaks who could boast these hairy appendages, is clearly perceivable " (chap. viii. p. 86.)
Mr. Charles Grant also writes : "It is said that a colony of Peguans settled many years ago at Santubong on the mouth of the Sarawak river. Some curious gold ornaments and earthenware remains have lately been dug up at that place ; possibly it may have been the site of the Pegu settlement. Whether these colonists left again or whether they merged into other races of Borneo, no one knows Most probably the latter supposition is the true one ; and if so, may not the traces of foreign customs which we observe among some Dyak tribes be the marks left by the Buddhists of Pegu ? I have been told that the Bukar Dyaks of Samarahan are descendants of the Peguans. They certainly have a peculiar appearance, unlike that of most Dyaks, many of the men having whiskers, and being comparatively tall. I once, however, asked some of these Dyaks if the above assertion of the neighbouring Malays was correct. 4 Oh no,' they said, 1 it is the Malays of Samarahan who are descended from the Peguans.' "
Such statements appear to be repeated by almost every writer who happens to mention the Bukars, but I cannot find that anyone adduces any evidence to prove it. On writing to my friend Mr. E. S. Symes, Government Secretary, Burmah, on the question, he replies: " Pegu, as you no doubt know, is a city some fifty miles N.N.E. of Rangoon, formerly the capital of a kingdom. Its population is now of a very mixed character, but the ancient inhabitantsaof whom many still remain in and about Pegu, and to whom I suppose you referaare known to themselves as Muns, and to the Burmese and English as Talaings. They have, like the Burmese, long hair, but they very rarely have beards or any but a few straggling hairs on their faces. I know of no race except the Talaings to whom the name Peguan could be applied, and I never heard of the Talaings having settled in Borneo." On the evidence of the hair alone it may therefore be much doubted whether the Bukars have any Pegu blood in their veins. Pegu was destroyed in 1757 a.d.
Seribis Dyak. (From plate in Lieut. Frank Marryat's "Borneo.")Seribis Dyak. (From plate in Lieut. Frank Marryat's "Borneo.")