i358 H. Lincx Roth.aNatives of Sarawak and Brit. N. Borneo.
generations, until they sometimes forget who it was that told the lie ; but, notwithstanding that, they continue throwing the stone.
" At another place, near many cross roads, there is a tree on which are hung innumerable pieces of rag ; each person passing tears a little bit of cloth from his costume and sticks it there. They have forgotten the origin of this practice, but fear for their health if they neglect it. One Dyak observed, 4 It is like that custom of some European nations giving passports to those who enter or leave their country.' If this be a true explanation, it is, perhaps, to give the spirits of the woods notice who have passed that way, and the Dayak's observation shows how quick they are, and how well they remember what they have heard." (St. John i. 76.)
Sir Chas. Brooke also writes : " The extraordinary custom of hanging rags on trees by the roadside, by every passer-by, and the practice of heaping stones in recollection of some past event, are found here [among Sea Dyaks] also. But I have only heard of one instance of the former" (i. 63) ; but later on he says : " In our walk to-day [? among the Undups] we passed two great heaps (timbun buli) of stones and bits of wood ; each of my followers cast a piece on to the mounds, otherwise they said sickness would befall them. This is a similar (and universal) custom to the sticking of bits of rag on trees." (ibid, ii. 86.)
" The custom of raising a cairn or heap of stones over the grave or about the place where a person has been murdered is also superstitiously observed by the Kayans. In the vicinity of the paths on which we travelled through the jungle of the interior I observed several cairns, none of which my Kayan companions would pass without severally adding to the stone heap." (Burns, Jour. Ind. Arch.^iii. 148.)
Land Dyak Bridge. (Drawn by Capt. Bethune. From J. A. St. John's 44 Eastern Archipelago.")Land Dyak Bridge. (Drawn by Capt. Bethune. From J. A. St. John's 44 Eastern Archipelago.")