i258 H. Lincx Roth.aNatives of Sarawak and Brit. N. Borneo.
The following are two descriptions of feasts to raise an ulit : " Near us was a sort of small tent, in which were the bones of two celebrated Dyaks, placed there for the occasion. A plate of cakes, rice, eggs and plantains was put with them. Instead of the manang and cock, a man danced round the pillars with the ' pennegalon ' in his hand, every now and then uttering a peculiar cry ; he had a drummer as usual. The pennegalon is a rudely carved and painted representation of a bird, with a remarkably long neck. One is placed on the top of each 4 tras,' or pole." (Mrs. Chambers Gosp. Miss. 1st May, 1858, p. 69.)
women, prettily w7oven in colours, and filled with sweet cakes, eggs, and plantains. These are placed on the graves next morning. Just after I arrived, the usual concomitants of a Dyak feast were carried on trays to one end of the house, at which all the surviving female relatives of departed inmates were assembled. Part was eaten by them, part reserved for the Antoos. An old woman then waved a fowl over the head of each mourner, after which each bit a piece of iron and drank a mouthful of arrack to strengthen her against the Antoos. The rotan worn around the waist was then cut in two, and new pieces of rotan, and petticoats selected by the old woman for each person from a heap in the centre, which she put on. A foot of each was then smeared with the blood of the fowl to show that the ' oulat,' or taboo, was removed. Persons who have lost near relatives are supposed to wear very shabby clothes, and according to Dyak custom, cannot change them until the head of an enemy has been obtained. The recent importation of Sarebas heads has removed the 4 oulat ' very speedily, and almost every house has ' Bergawei Antoo.' In the evening the men performed the same kind of ceremony as the women, only they get very drunk. Wailing goes on during the day. At night dances are performed, and the people make merry." (Mrs. Chambers Gosp. Miss. 1st June, 1859, p. 84 )
[For Special Harvest Feasts and Ceremonies, see Agriculture.]
Kin yah Tungang, or Dragon. Used at Festivals. (Brooke Low Coll.)
" I then went down at Banting to Janting's 4 Bergawei Antoo.' At the door of every room in which a death has occurred since the last Bergawei Antoo, hung small baskets, representing different articles in use among the Dyaks, a shield, a gun, a head-dress for the men, a sieve, etc., for the
Clapfer or Striker. Used at New Year's Feast. Upper Kapuas. Prof. Molengraaff Coll. A nat. size, (Leiden Mus.)Clapfer or Striker. Used at New Year's Feast. Upper Kapuas. Prof. Molengraaff Coll. A nat. size, (Leiden Mus.)