The Disposal of the Dead.
house, and inserted in the bottom of the coffin. During the first week, after the body has been placed in the coffin, a large torch is kept burning day and night at the head and foot. After about three months a mausoleum is prepared, which is made of hard wood called billian, and raised about 12 feet off the ground on two massive pillars carved with various artistic designs, and figures of men and women. The body is then removed from the house and conveyed with much ceremony to this tomb. Everyone present sends one or more cigarettes made of native tobacco, wrapped in the dried leaves of the wild banana (Pisang Utan) to their dead relatives in Apo Leggatt (Hades). These cigarettes are placed on the top and around the coffin ; and, should the body be that of a man, his weapons, tools, and a small quantity of rice, with his priok (cooking-pot), are deposited in the tomb with him that he may be able to continue his daily pursuits in the other world. But if of a woman, her large sun-hat, her little hoeaused for weeding in the paddy fieldsaher beads, earrings, and other finery are placed with her body, that she may not be found wanting on her arrival the other side of the grave. The earrings are especially important." (Geogr. Journ. i. 197.)
" On the Rejang River the Kinahs use neither the klirieng nor the salong, but a mortuary edifice of their own. The coffin with the body in it is placed on a hard wood platform elevated upon two iron-wood pillars, and is covered with a semi-cylinder of the same material. Underneath the floor the boy's (Awen's son) things are hanging together with other things put there by his friends for his use in the world of spiritsawar costumes, every-day clothing, weapons, a hurricane lamp, and a bottle of kerosine.
4 In Kajaman territory some coffins were slung upon a tree, the leaves of which had been plucked and replaced by strips of coloured cloth, which gave it a festive appearance. The coffin is always treated in this manner after the bones have been removed. It is perched upon a branch and either falls to pieces in the process of time or is carried away by the first big fresh." (Brooke Low.)
" The Sibuyows and Balows, and some of the Land Dyaks also, do not burn their dead ; however, they place the bodies of the departed in canoes or coffins, or simply wrap them in white cloth and mats, and then bury them in graves, or, in certain cases, hang them among the branches of particular trees ; various articles of apparel, arms, and valuables, frequently to a large amount, being deposited with them, and offerings to the guardian spirit, or the ghost of the departed, placed near the grave." (Grant, p. 66.)
" In some of the birds' nest caves mouldering coffins are to be seen, rudely carved with grotesque figures, said to have been deposited there in bygone days by the old Sabahans : many of thenv are on ledges of rock at considerable elevations." (W. B. Pryer, J.A.I., xvi. 232.)
Embalming, if such it be, is mentioned by Mr. Dalrymple (p. 45) : It is reported [of the Dusuns] if a chief of their enemies be taken, his body is embalmed with camphor, and his eyes being taken out, two couries are placed in the sockets and his arms extended, thus forming a dismal spectacle." The custom is also mentioned by Mr. Pryer: "One of the customs of the Tunbunwhas ^Dusuns] worth mentioning is that of embalming the dead :Embalming, if such it be, is mentioned by Mr. Dalrymple (p. 45) : It is reported [of the Dusuns] if a chief of their enemies be taken, his body is embalmed with camphor, and his eyes being taken out, two couries are placed in the sockets and his arms extended, thus forming a dismal spectacle." The custom is also mentioned by Mr. Pryer: "One of the customs of the Tunbunwhas ^Dusuns] worth mentioning is that of embalming the dead :