i86 H. Lincx Roth.aNatives of Sarawak and Brit. N. Borneo.
But intermarriage with the Chinese seems to be common : " In August I acceded to the request of the Raja to open a school for the benefit of the children of the Chinese and for the offspring of the mixed marriages between Chinese and Dyaks. Truly speaking, the Chinese women up here are themselves the offspring of mixed marriages, but, having been brought up in all
the manners and customs of the Chinese, are looked upon as Chinese.....
The more Chinese blood there is in the boys the more diligent they are in their studies ; but in all hard work or play they fall short of the Chinese-Dyak or mixed race." 6 (Chambers Miss. Field, 1869, p. 266.)
The settled agricultural tribes between Brunei and Marudu Bays are good examples of Chinese and native intermarrying.
" With the Upper Sarawak Dyaks the bride follows the bridegroom to his house or his parents' and is considered a member of his family." (Haughton M. A. S. iii. 200.) " With other Land Dyaks the reverse is the case." (St. John i. 162.)
" The Serambo women object to being taken from their homes, and the men to following their wives, as is the Dyak custom. When a Dyak marries he enters the family of his wife, and lives in her parents' house till the couple set .up for themselves, which is generally not for some time afterwards, though in some cases when the bride is one of a large family, or the husband has others dependent on him, this custom may be reversed, and the woman go over to the man's dwelling." (Denison, Jottings, ch. ii. p. 14.)
" It is usual for the husband to reside with the father-in-law until he has a family of his own and is prepared to set up a house for himself. If his wife is the only daughter and he is permitted to take her away to his own home, her parents have a right to demand of him a taju7 or brian (barian) to replace her loss of service ; but if she has a sister or sister-in-law to attend to her parents no such demand can be made, and she is at liberty to follow her husband if she be so disposed. Self-interest governs the father in connection with his daughter's marriage. He makes certain requisitions as the price of his consent. He would stipulate that his daughter should continue to live with him or near him, so that her children should belong to him as head of the family group. In this case, not only would the children form part of the family to which the mother belonged, but the husband himself would become united to it, and would be required to labour for the benefit of his father-in-law. It frequently happens that
6 Many of the Chinese on the west coast of Borneo are married to Dyak women, and their exemplary conduct both as wives and mothers is very highly spoken of. No matrimonial connexion has, I believe, ever been formed between a Malay of Sambas and a Dyak female because of the
jealousy of the Malay women.....A small Dyak tribe, under the protection of the Chinese, is
established a few miles of Montradok. The Chinese often intermarry with them, and many Dyak families are established among them, it being the custom of the former when they marry Dyak women, to take the parents, and sometimes the whole family, under their protection. (Earl, pp. 259, 293)
7 Taju = a jar, often given as brian.aH. L. R.7 Taju = a jar, often given as brian.a H. L. R.