Population.aBaligninisaIllanunsaSooloos. 3 5
any care or thought for the morrow. The weapons they use are the parang, spear, round shield, and tumbeloosow ; very few of them have guns. The tumbeloosow is a long light lance, made of bamboo, with a sharp wooden spike at the end ; this they can throw for two or three score yards, thus giving them a great advantage over any people not armed with any projectile. The well-known Balignini were a subdivision of the great Bajau tribe ; they used, as professional kidnappers, to harry the seas from Macassar, Batavia, and Singapore on the south, to Manila on the north ; they did not, as a rule, murder without they thought there was occasion to do so. In Sandakan and other places there are many people now living who were kidnapped in very distant parts, and brought up for sale, in the old times. The last pirate raid along our coast was in 1879, when the Balignini murdered or carried off sixty-five people, Bajaus mostly ; as late as 1881 they conducted raids elsewhere ; but all this sort of thing has now, it is hoped, been put a complete stop to ^
from all the coast under the %
Company's control. Many of sooloos at silam, borneo.
those who used to be leading
pirates have now quietly settled down to agricultural pursuits. The Illanuns are a race who inhabit the south side of the Island of Magindanao. Long ago their warfare against the Spaniards degenerated into general piracy ; their usual practice was not to take captives, but to murder all on board any boat they took. Those in the Territory have all settled down to a more orderly way of life now, however. The Sooloos are a people inhabiting, principally, the Island of Sugh, in the Sooloo Archipelago ; mostly lazy, independent and turbulent, they are not regarded with great favour by anybody, but brave, restless, and fierce,
d 2d 2