io8 Form of Government, etc.aRevenue Sources.
The sources from which the revenue is drawn consist chiefly of the licences for purchasing and retailing opium for smoking, for the sale of spirits, and other excisable articles, all of which are farmed out to private individuals ; 10 per cent, royalty on jungle produce exported ; a poll tax, an old-established source of revenue among the natives, in lieu of land taxes, and a stamp duty. The land revenue comprises the proceeds of sales of public lands, quit rents, and fees on transfers. There are, in addition, judicial fees and post-office stamps ; these, and a few miscellaneous items, make up the remaining sources of revenue.
BRITISH NORTH BORNEO.aRevenue and Expenditure.
1883 to 1888.
1883. 1884. 1885. 1886. 1887. 1888. 1889 (estimated).
Revenue (proper) Land Sales . Total . . Expenditure . $ 51,654 25,449 $ 82,448 15,458 $ 110,452 2,863 $ 127,731 12,035 $ 142,687 14,505 $ 148,287 246,457 $ 221,365 200,000
A77,103 A391A547 97,906 242,450 "3,3i5 241,398 i39,766j 157,192 223,562 209,853 1 394,744 252,165 421,365 364,760
a. 18 months, 1st July, 1882, to 31st December, 1883.
Sport, Natural History, etc.*
The difficulty of obtaining good big game shooting anywhere over the whole world is always increasing. The shooting ground is always receding ; bison in America may be regarded as finished ; the difficulty and expense of obtaining a good bag in India is yearly growing greater ; while Africa has almost ceased to be a large game-shooting country at all, except to a select few ; so that the finding of an extensive district in North Borneo well stocked with big game is quite a boon to the sportsman.
The large animals found are elephant, rhinoceros, buffalo, deer, pig, bear, and orangutan. The older visitors and encyclopedists always spoke of the elephant as an inhabitant of the north-east of Borneo, but so few travellers visited that part, that this fact was gradually lost sight of, and so recently as
* See 4 The Field,' 3rd August, 1889.* See 4 The Field,' 3rd August, 1889.