in their concerns, and the supremacy of the Dutch government would be the knell of the British trade which now is carried on, and effectually stop all measures of improvement. The means for carrying these measures into effect would be as follows :aA steam-boat of 100 tons, drawing little water, and properly manned and armed. This vessel, besides being employed in suppressing piracy and keeping open a communication with Singapore and China, might survey the coast of Borneo and the Palawan passage. This survey is greatly required, to prevent the yearly loss of life which occurs ; and a knowledge of these seas is daily becoming important, from the increased communication which will follow our present struggle with China.*
The recent discovery of coal in Borneo (the capital) may attract attention, as facilitating our steam intercourse ; and at any rate it is fully time that a knowledge should be acquired and a check put to the depredations of the pirates who issue from the northern ports of Borneo, Magindano, and Saluk.
The establishment ashore could not be less than six Europeans, ten Javanese, and one hundred Bugis, and the amount yearly for wages at A2,000 to A2,500 sterling, making in all a total of A4,000 to A5,000 yearly expense. I do not dwell on this
* I mention a steamer as the most efficient vessel ; but my schooner, the Royalist, might be substituted at a yearly cost of 2,000/. sterling.* I mention a steamer as the most efficient vessel ; but my schooner, the Royalist, might be substituted at a yearly cost of 2,000/. sterling.