4thly. By a free trade to remove the oppression practised on the cultivator, by giving him a proper participation in the profits of his produce. This will be effected, in a great measure, by a post like Sarawak, which they can reach in their small boats, (as the poorer classes of Malays and Dyaks will then trade themselves, which they are now unable to do in consequence of the distance from Singapore,) and from the visits of the European merchant to the numerous ports on the coast. When the producer is remunerated, the resources of the island will be called into existence, and certainly not one five hundredth part now ever finds its way to market, even from the rivers of the coast. I need not dwell longer on this point, for whoever remembers the former accounts of the city of Borneo, with its European and Chinese trade, and compares them with the present state, will be able to judge what the country might be.
5th. The extirpation of Piracy !
No remark is necessary on this head, except that the slave trade and piracy joined is carried on openly on this coast ; that each year fleets of Piratical Lanoons wait for the prows* bound for Singapore, and reduce their crews to slavery, after capturing their vessels. Nor is this slavery of that mild description which is often attributed to the Asiatics, for these victims are bound for months
* The Lanoons are pirates inhabiting the small cluster of islands between Borneo and Magindano.* The Lanoons are pirates inhabiting the small cluster of islands between Borneo and Magindano.