is not required that any expensive establishments should be maintained, or any great capital risked, but only that a friendly intercourse should be opened with the chiefs, a knowledge gained of their country, and a free trade encouraged at a station like Sarawak, where the small native canoes might resort, and whence an inland communication might be carried on.
It was with these views I accepted the government of Sarawak ; and in order to carry them out, I propose the following steps :
1st, to encourage the immigration of Chinese and Javanese, and after twelve months to tax them at the yearly rate of one real, or 3s. 6d. per head. The same light tax, or its equivalent in rice, to be imposed likewise on the Malays and Dyaks whenever the former people can afford to pay it.
The industry of the Chinese will insure the prosperity of the country; and there can be no doubt they will crowd here in vast numbers when any government is established, as they have already persevered in forming settlements spite of repeated disasters arising from the disturbed state of the country. The Javanese, like the Chinese, would easily be procured, and form a body distinguished for their peaceful habits and fondness for agriculture ; whilst the Bugis,* from their love of commerce and enterprising disposition, have expressed a desire to come here, provided I resolved to stay. In
* The Bugis are the trading races of the Eastern Archipelago.* The Bugis are the trading races of the Eastern Archipelago.