formed from a mixture of the surrounding countries, and the authority of the Borneon government is scarcely recognized to the northward of the capital of Borneo Proper river, the entrance of which lies in lat. 5 deg. 6 min. 42 sec. N. and long. 115 deg. 24 min. 00 sec. E.
Between Tanjong Datu and the Murah Basar, or principal entrance of the Borneo river are the following rivers : Samatan, Lundu, Sarawak, Sama-rahan, Sadong, Linga, Sakarran, Serebas, Ka-laku, Niabur, Kejang, Kanowit, Palo, Bruit, Matto, Oya, Muka, Latow, Bintulu, Meri, Barram, Birah, Balyit, Tutong, Pungit, Murah-damit, (small entrance,) and Murah Basar, or Borneo river.
Several of these rivers are navigable for European vessels ; many of them connected with each other in the interior, and diverging into numerous streams which descend from the range of mountains, separating the north-west coast from the Pontianak river. It is not my purpose to enter into any detail of these countries, of which it will be here sufficient to say that they are generally inhabited by Malays at the entrance of the rivers, and Dyaks in the interior, and that they are all in the state I have before described, with the exceptions of Serebas and Sakarran, two powerful Dyak tribes, who having thrown off the authority of the Malays have turned Pirates, and ravage the coasts even as far as Celebes.
Sarawak, the more immediate subject of atten-Sarawak, the more immediate subject of atten-