37*2 HISTORY OF THE MALAYS.
Marsden ingeniously observes, that probably furnished the first adventurers to the peninsula, and who bestowed their name on the rising colony, the prosperity and greatness of which were destined to eclipse the fame of the parent state. This, I have no doubt whatever, is the true etymology of the word Malayu.
It appears that the new colony was at first distinguished by the appellation of the Leeward people, while the parent state were denominated the Windward people. This meteorological distinction appears to me to have reference to the westerly or boisterous monsoon ; Barat, in the Javanese language, is the general term for wind. In Malay it is the west wind, or, as would be said in our more expressive language, the wind. The use of this correlative language to describe the parent state and the colony, was afterwards dropped, and used more comprehensively, the Windward countries being all those to the west of the country of the Malays, but particularly India and Arabia, those with which the Malays had most intercourse.
It was from the colony, and not the parent stock, that the Malayan name and nation were so widely disseminated over the Archipelago. Singapura, Malacca, and Jehor, colonized the islands Lingga and Bintan, Kampar and Aru on Sumatra, Borneo on the great island of that name, and all the states which exist on the Malay peninsula. This