374 HISTOAY OF THE MALAYS,
of Singapura. During three years he withstood the forces of the king of Mojopahit \ but, in 1252, being hard pressed, he retired first to the northward, and afterwards to the western coast of the peninsula, where, in the following year, he founded a new city, which, under his wise government, became of considerable importance. To this he gave the name of MalaJca, from a fruit-bearing tree .so called, (myrobolannm,) found in abundance on the hill, which gives natural strength to the situation. Having reigned here twenty-two years, beloved by his subjects and feared by his neighbours, Ish andar Shah died in 1274, and was succeeded by Sultan Magat, who reigned only two years. Up to this period the Malayan princes were pagans. Sultan Muhammed Shah, who ascended the throne 1276, was the first Mahometan prince, and, by the propagation of his faith, acquired great celebrity during a long reign of fifty-seven years. His influence appears to have extended over the neighbouring islands of Lingg and Bintan, together with Jehor, Patani, Kedah, and Per ah, on the coasts of the peninsula ; and Kampar and Aru in Sumatra ; all of which acquired the appellative of Malayu, although it was now more especially applied to Malacca."
I shall offer a few strictures and remarks on this narrative. We find in it the precise year of the emigration, and other dates, when no proof existAI shall offer a few strictures and remarks on this narrative. We find in it the precise year of the emigration, and other dates, when no proof existA