caught them up one by one, and a there 'was a great killing of pirates.
Pirates, running amuck, and convicts, for it was a penal settlement for India, were the chief drawback to Singapore in those early days. The second wTas sup-
Nakajima. Kuala Lumpur. pressed by the
Para Rubber Fruiting. prohibition of
weapon - carrying and by the better administrative conditions which obtained there than in the Malay States, where a mengamok a was the only outlet for feelings outraged by oppression, cruelty, misfortune or insult. Running amuck is very uncommon nowadays in Malaya, but it occurs amongst Malays occasionally. The history of a mengamoka is always the same, and the long and short of it is that the a pengamok a loses his temper with the world and falls into a bloody fury. Seizing the first available weapon he attacks anyone whom he meetsa man, woman or childa with equal ferocity, and he kills and kills until he is himself killed, or until he is captured, or until people to kill have made themselves so scarce that he cannot get at them. The desired end of a a pengamok a is death in a furious fight, where he may end all in an exaltation of mind. This end is in some sense heroic in circumstances which admit no other remedy. But to be carefully disarmed by entirely competent police, to be lengthily tried for common murder, and to be solemnly hanged by the neck until dead is an end so little desired by anyone and so certain nowadays that the romance which to the Malay mind once hung about a mengamok a has
faded, and running amuck is no longer a commonplace of Malaya.
Steamers entering Singapore from the west pass between the west end of Blakang Mati Island on the right and Fort Pasir Panjang, on the island of Singapore, on the left. Blakang Mati, which is a very hilly island, extends from the harbour limit on the west at foot of Fort Pasir Panjang to Mount Palmer on the east, a distance of nearly two miles, and forms a natural breakwater to the wharves on the Singapore side. The waters enclosed between the islands of Blakang Mati and Singapore, formerly known as New Harbour, are now called Keppel Harbour, after Admiral Keppel, who discovered this deep-water anchorage. Blakang Mati is strongly fortified and possesses a considerable garrison, whose large and commodious barracks now form an outstanding feature of the island. Close to Blakang Mati, still on the right hand side of the channel, there lies the island of Pulau Brani, which is the headquarters of the Royal Engineers. On this island are the famous tin-smelting works belonging to the Straits Trading Company, the tall chimneys of which form conspicuous landmarks.
Nakajima. Kuala Lumpur.
Collecting Latex from Para Rubber Trees.