Nakajima. Kua'a Lumpur.
Nossa Senhora da Annunciada, Malacca.
a sword passed through a crown. The date visible on the outer side, but lost on the inner, is 1670a a Dutch date. Behind the shield is arranged a trophy of arms such as pistols, guns, flags, axes, swords. No explanation of this addition to the fortress is known, but its elaborate, not to say excessive, ornamentarion is quite in accordance with the fashion of its day, and can be paralleled in Java in monuments of the period.
The structure of the gateway itself is curious. On the complete plan of the fortress, built thirty or forty years after Afonso de Albuquerque, no such gateway is shown. All that is shown at this point is one of the several oval-headed entries pierced in the wall. It is curious enough that if we stand on the east of the ancient gateway itself there is very plainly visible on the east side an oval-heade 1 enti*y pierced in the wall, forming part of the original structure of the wall, but later filled wTith laterite blocks and its outside plastered over. The inner side of this entry is a winding oval-headed passage which came out through the west wall of the gateway, but is now blocked up. The suggestion is therefore put forward that originally the wall had a passage deviously built through it, whose outer and inner entrances were these oval-headed entries, as shown on the plan, and that later this greater
gateway was superimposed by the Dutch at this point, and the wall cut through to admit of the wide passage through the gateway which now exists. Another structural mystery is visible to a person standing on the east of the gateway in that the whole block divides as thus seen into three parts a centre solid wall (pierced by the now blocked passage) laid back from the perpendicular so that the outer face has a slope. On to this wall have been clapped the back and the front of the gateway, whose faces are perpendicular and their backs sloping so that, seen in section, their base is narrow and their top broad. The turrets on the gateway are brick. The wall against which the gateway leans is laterite stone. The roof of the devious oval-headed passage is stone. The roof of the gateway is brick. The question at once arisesa are the little narrow flat bricks Dutch only, or did the Portuguese use a similar brick ? A trustworthy answer to that question would solve many an archaeological problem in Malacca. All
Screen in the possession of the Government at Malacca. Period 1650