Notes on Places of Interest.
RITISH MALAYA extends from Singapore, iA 15' north of ihe Equator, to Perlis, and includes the Malay Peninsula from the south as far as the sixth degree north, where it meets the south of Siam. The Peninsula lies between 1000 and 1050 east longitude, having Sumatra on its west and Borneo on its east. It consists of a narrow tongue of land, 464 miles long and nowhere more than 216 miles broad, and is the most southern extremity of the continent of Asia. The Peninsula is very mountainous. Its highest peak is Gunong Tahan, 7,186 feet, where a hill station is projected. Its longest river is the Pahang, upwards of 330 miles. Except where it has been mined or cultivated, a dense tropical forest covers the whole country, including the hills. In spite of its being so close to the Equator, its climate is not oppressively hot, for it has
the sea all round it and a breeze is always blowing either from the sea or from the mountains. Its most ancient inhabitants still surviving are the negrito and semi-negrito Sakei, a dark-brownskinned race of jungle-dwellers. The Malays, who are, in point of antiquity, the second race in the Peninsula, colonised it from Sumatra about five hundred years ago, and brought to it their own name. This is probably Sanskrit, and given to them by a Sanskrit-using Aryan race from India which found the Malays in the mountainous country (Sk. Malaya) of Sumatra. The Chinese and Indians have maintained trading relations with the Malays for many centuries, and, since British protection, have come to live in the Peninsula in ever-increasing numbers.
The Portuguese were the first Europeans to found settlements on the Peninsula. They were followed by the Dutch, and the Dutch by the British.
On the way to Ayer Itam, Penang. Penang.