Photo. Talat Noi Studio.
direction, carries happily burdens grievous to be borne by any other ponies of his size, and, like his friend the Siamese pony, thrives on the grass of the country, with at night and morning a handful of padi. The traveller who is fortunate enough to get a permit to visit the Royal stables at Bangkok will there find the most typical specimens of the Siamese and of the Shan pony, beautifully kept in model stables.
The black and the pink water buffalo, with crescent-horns, and a breed of lightly-built cattle in all shades of fawn and dun and chestnut, some of them humped, do all the country work, both on the roads and in the padi fields. A few are exported by the railway to British Malaya, the buffaloes, as the peasant believes, for transport work, since he does not conceive that so beloved a servant as the buffalo could ever be slaughtered for food, and the cattle, less cherished by him, frankly for slaughter by the carnivorous British Malayans.
Cats, in Siamese meao, are plenty, and of them the most distinguished is the sepia cat, known
elsewhere as the Siamese. Many mongrel cats carry a crumpled, crinkled or twisted tail. The cats seen in the streets are hardly in better condition than the dogs, and no doubt for the same reason that the kittens are all allowed to survive if they can, and though the infantile death-rate of cats is no doubt high, too many of them too precariously exist by scavenging as do the dogs.
The panung is worn by both men and women in Siam, to cover the body below the waist and part of the legs. It is a cloth about 2 J feet broad and 7 feet long, and is put on as follows :a The wearer places the cloth behind the back and brings it forward in either hand to wrap the body so that the centre of it coincides with the spine and the two long ends are in either hand in front and are holding the two top edges of the cloth. Enough of the slack of these two top edges is then taken in to form a twist of the two together, and this twist is tucked in : the two long ends now fall down in front. Their top edges are taken by the left hand and rolled and pulled out in the grasp of the rounded fingers and thumb of the right hand followed by the left until a long roll is formed. This roll is passed back between the knees and drawn up until it begins to drag in that part of the cloth which is already in front hanging from the waist. This drawing-up process is continued from behind until the panung in front just covers the top of the bone below the kneepan and behind just uncovers three or four inches of the thigh above the back of the knee. When the correct adjustment is secured the roll is tucked in to the top edge of the panung down the spine. The men wear all kinds of coats or no coats. The women of the manual labour classes wear short bodices of all kinds whose lower edges do not reach the top edge of the panung or they wear the pahom, a scarf which is wound under the arms across the breasts. The lady of fashion, however, has to-day adopted European clothing and footgear of all