should meet no difficulties in Siam, and he will leave the country with deep regret, for it is physically beautiful, climatically agreeable, sanitarily safe, if the precautions enjoined are taken, full of objects of artistic value and interest, has a long history, an old religion, an ancient civilisation, a great cultivation, considerable mineral wealth, a good administration, and is an example of what can be done by a Power which determines happily to combine the to-day of Europe with the yesterday of Asia.
Of the street dogs of Siam it may be said that
a Her dogs are bred out of the pariali kind,
So manged, so slinking, and their cry mere yells.
Yap after yap. A pack less likeable
Went nea er less nourished nor more basely born
In Stamboul, China or in India.a
But these are the masterless dogs. Those with masters have good qualities, and as housedogs and farmdogs are valued and loved just as well as dogs of more accurate descent. The Siamese never, if they can avoid so doing, destroy life, at least, life in mammals and birds, though they catch fish. Puppies are never killed after birth, so that in the towns there are too many dogs. They run about the city hunting garbage, of which there is plenty, the need for sanitation, both public and private, beinga -except in Bangkok where much is done, and annually morea not yet understood.
There are three breeds of horse in Siam, the Waler, the Siamese pony, and the Shan pony. Of these the first is exotic, imported for racing, for carriage work, for hacking, and as a charger for cavalry officers. There is as yet no regular polo in Bangkok, though officers of the army occasionally attempt it on the Siamese ponies, but there is a great deal of racing for all three breeds. At Chiengmai polo is played on Shan ponies. The average or best height for a Siamese pony is n| to 12 hands, and by them and by the Shan pony all the transport work of the towns is done. On the great alluvial plain all roads are flat, and the little Siamese ponies harnessed as pairs get
Photo. Yalat Noi Studio
Karien Man and Woman.
away with big loads in light wagons. The peasantry possess a great many of them, but selection in breeding is, if at all done, far from universal, and consequently many miserably small and weak ponies are at work in Bangkok and other towns. In the country, ponies do little or no draught work. The cavalry, not being officers, the scouts of the army and also the country gendarmerie are mounted on the Siamese or the Shan pony, and a more mobile force than the cavalry and scouts, in spite of its officers on Walers (which for the real thing would probably be discarded) does not anywhere exist. It can live wholly on the country and penetrate anywhither at any season. The ponies and the men swim the numerous rivers and klongs, and the force can operate successfully in a country where any other force would be hopelessly bogged or bushed or dead beat. The Shan pony is a stockier, hairier and rather higher beast, with a square muzzle and head, bred evidently out of the Chinese kind. He prevails in the Lao country in the Chiengmai