seems to have been a place of some note ; it has the honour of mention in the great Portuguese Epic, the Lusiad of Oamoens ; but though a succession of Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch and British expeditions, both commercial and military, visited the Peninsula and the Archipelago from the beginning of the fifteenth to the beginning of the nineteenth century, the island of Singapore was passed by as if of little importance, until its occupation by the British in 1819.
The reference of Oamoens to Singapore is in the tenth Oanto of the Lusiad :a
" But on lier land's-end throned see Cingapur Where the wide sea-road shrinks to narrow way : Thence curves the coast to face the Cynosure* And lastly trends Aurora-ward its lay."
(Sir R. F. Burton''s Translation.]
4 The island of Singapore is said to have been 44 settled about 1160 a.d. by Malays from Sumatra, Java, 44 or the neighbouring Johor Archipelago. The Settle-" ment wTas named Sinhapura (Lion City), and accord-44 ing to old accounts, wras large and prosperous. The 44 following century saw the conversion of the Malay " inhabitants of the Peninsula to Mahommedanism ; 44 and in 1262, the colonists of Singapore were driven by "Javanese invaders to Malacca. At Malacca they 44 remained till the Portuguese conquest in 1511, when 44 they turned south again to what is now the territory 44 of Johor, and there founded a kingdom which included 44their old home of Singapore."aLucas: Historical Geography of the British Colonies.
The British Empire owes the possession and the prosperity of Singapore to the foresight and energy of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles. There is not space here
* The Cambodian Peninsula,* The Cambodian Peninsula,