344 A NATURALIST'S WANDERINGS
maxillaries lA ing flatter, in some instances than in others. It occurred to me that this variation might be expressed by measuring the angle formed by the nasal bones and ascending processes of the maxillaries at the level immediately below that of the dacryon. This measurement, which I propose to call the nasi-maxillary angle, is different in its object from that of M. de MA(c)rejkowsky, which ascertains only the projection of the nasal bones or maxillary processes.
The outline of nose is represented by Brocaa s descriptive numbers 1 and 3. The first of these indicates a nose with a low bridge turned upwards at the tip; the latter a straight nose with a higher bridge than the other. We have therefore identified on the skulls the two forms of nose observed by Mr. Forbes in the living subject. As a rule the straight nose is elevated at the root, and the naso-maxillary angle is higher than in the hooked nose, which is flat at the root. The nasi-malar angle is high in
NORMA FRONTALIS ET LATERALIS OF THE MALE BRACHYCEPHALIC SKULL, NO. 4. (WITH THE PERMISSION OF THE COUNCIL OF THE ANTHROPOLOGICAL INSTITUTE.)
all instances. The lower margin of the nasal aperture is usually well defined, but slopes slightly in porne instances into the alveolar portions of the maxillA . The nasal spine is feebly developed, being represented by Nos. 1 and 2 of Broca. The alveolar portion of the maxillA has become so atrophied after loss of the teeth in three skulls (one male and two females) as to be reduced to almost a narrow rim of bone ; in these the alveolar height has not been measured. A correspondingly atrophied condition likewise obtains in the alveolar border of the respective mandibles. In the others in w^hich the teeth were complete at the time of death this portion of the face is short; the measurements, however, indicate a greater estimate of the vertical distance between the floor of the nose and the alveolar plane, as in most instances there is a considerable decree of alveolar prognathism. The maxillA are broad in comparison to their length, especially in the ease of the male No. 10, where the maxillary or