A NATURALIST'S WANDERINGS
its locked-up petals, I found the labellum beautifully marked with lines of purple, carmine and orange, and the column also ; but no insect eye could ever be fascinated or allured by its painted whorls.
In the rather inconspicuous Goodyera procera self-fertilisation takes place by the swelling up of the viscid matter of the stigma beyond its true boundary, till it touches, as seen in Fig. 28, the viscid disk of the pollinia, and spreads into the pollinia chamber. I have no doubt this takes place in many other species of Goodyera, and very probably also in our own Highland species, Goodyera repens. Other species which I have
FIG. 27. FIG. 28.
goodyera procera; a, swollen rp caudicles of pollinia (somewhat exaggerated) ; b, split rostellum, showing in fig. 28 the disk of pollinia ;
C, STIGMA ; D, UPPER MARGIN OF STIGMA BEFORE STIGMATIC FLUID HAS BEGUN TO SWELL J E, THE STIA MATIC FLUID SWOLLEN UP.
not been able to designate by name presented similar or allied modifications for securing self-fertilisation.
To me was especially interesting the purple Arundina, which one might imagine to have become tired of vainly displaying its beauty to wayward and inappreciate butterflies and bees, and had assumed a form that shoulda let all the glittering humming wings pass heedless as they woulda perpetuate a fertile race.
These instances go to show that the rule that a the flowers of orchids are fertilised by the pollen of other flowers a is not so universal as has been supposed. It is to be feared that too often the interesting cases of flowers observed to be crossfertilised by insects have been recorded, while those of flowers otherwise fertilised have not been mentioned, so that the law