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THE RELIGIOUS ORDERS.
The AugustiniansaTheir glorious founderaAustin Friars in England aScotlandaMexicoaThey sail with Villalobos for the Islands of the Setting SunaTheir disastrous voyageaFray Andres Urdaneta and his companionsaFoundation of Cebu and Manila with two hundred and forty other townsaMissions to Japan and Chinaa The Flora FilipinaaThe FranciscansaThe JesuitsaThe DominicansaThe RecolletsaStatistics of the religious orders in the islandsaTurbulence of the friarsaAlways ready to fight for their countryaFurnish a war ship and command itaRefuse to exhibit the titles of their estates in 1689aThe Augustinians take up arms against the BritishaTen of them fall on the field of battle aTheir rectories sacked and burntaBravery of the archbishop and friars in 1820aFather Ibaftez raises a battalionaLeads it to the assault of a Moro CottaaExecution of native priests in 1872 aSmall garrison in the islandsaInfluence of the friarsaTheir behaviouraHerr JagoraForemanaWorcesteraYounghusband aOpinion of Pope Clement X.aTennie C. ClaflinaEquality of opportunityaStatuesque figures of the girlsaThe author's experience of the FriarsaThe Philippine clergyaWho shall cast the first stone?aConstitution of the ordersaLife of a friara May become an archbishopaThe chapteraThe estatesaThe Peace CommissionaPacification retardedaWho will collect the rents ?
BEFORE referring further to these estates it may be as well to give a brief sketch of the religious orders, whose existence is bound up with the history of the Philippines, to the conversion and civilisation of which they have so largely contributed. They won the islands for Spain, they held them for centuries, and now, having served their purpose, they have lost them, doubtless for ever.
The Augustinians were the pioneers in converting the inhabitants of the Philippines, and they have maintained their predominance ever since.
I therefore begin my description with this venerable order, and it will be proper to say something about its glorious founder.I therefore begin my description with this venerable order, and it will be proper to say something about its glorious founder.