THE ASIMILIS TAS
the Crown forests, and their regulations seriously interfered with the privileges of the natives previously mentioned, and caused great discontent The salaries of the Inspectors of Mines were almost a useless expense, for there was no revenue derived from mines, in fact there were no mines, only placers and washings. A medical service was organised at great cost and to little advantage. Doctors were appointed to reside at the hot springs, and one could not take a bath there without paying a fee. Model farms and Schools of Agriculture were started, to find places for more Spaniards, for the officials received their salaries, but no funds were forthcoming for material or establishment.
In 1886 there took place the separation of the executive and the judicial functions, and eighteen civil governors were appointed to the principal provinces. Later on, eighteen judges of first instance were nominated to these same provinces. After centuries of rule, the Alcaldes Mayores were abolished.
Then came a period when certain bureaucrats in Madrid conceived what they thought a vast and patriotic idea. They founded a school of politicians who called themselves A similis tas. Their grand idea was to assimilate the administration of the Philippines to that of the Mother Country. They thought it wise to assimilate the institutions of a tropical dependency with eight millions of native inhabitants, of whom one-sixth part were independent heathen or Mahometans, to the gradually evolved institutions of Old Spain.
By way of a commencement they began to speak and write of the Philippines as "that beautiful province of Spain." The Philippine army had always been distinct from the Peninsular army, but now by a paper reform it was embodied in it, and the regiments were re-numbered, the 1st Visayas Regiment becoming the 74th, etc. This was considered to be a strong link to bind together the Mother Country and the Colony.
The extra expense of these crowds of employs and of some expeditions to Mindanao and Jold was very heavy, accordingly every year saw some new and oppressive tax. In 1883 the "Tributo," or tribute that had been paid by the natives since the conquest, was replaced by a tax on the Cdula Personal, or document of identity, and this was paid by all adults of both sexes, whether Spaniards,The extra expense of these crowds of employA(c)s and of some expeditions to Mindanao and Jold was very heavy, accordingly every year saw some new and oppressive tax. In 1883 the "Tributo," or tribute that had been paid by the natives since the conquest, was replaced by a tax on the CA(c)dula Personal, or document of identity, and this was paid by all adults of both sexes, whether Spaniards,