312 THF. INHABITANTS OF THE PHILIPPINES
to the western coast than to the eastern. The descent from the summits to the eastern coast is, therefore, gradual, and on the western coast it is abrupt. Mount Staveley, Mount Beaufort (3740 feet), Pico Pulgar (4330 feet), and the Peaks of Anepalian, are in the central part of the island.
The following record is taken from the observations made by Captain Canga-Arguelles, a former governor, during his residence of three years in Puerto Princesa.
Month. Mean Temp. Fahrenheit. Barometer, laches. Rainy DayA.
January .... 85 30-4 4
February . . 8l 3
March..... |5 3**07 4
April..... A7 29-0* 5
May . . . . f4 29'flO 4
Time ..... 82 29-90 12
Jnly..... 80 17
August..... 82 4
September .... I9 29-88 20
October..... A5 29-90 20
November .... 82 *9'95 8
December a 82 30 4
Mean . 82I3 IOS
It will be seen that the temperature is not excessive, and that the distribution of the rainfall is favourable to agriculture and planting. The force of the monsoon is much spent when it arrives cm the coast of Paragua, and the typhoons only touch the northern extremity of the island.
Volcanic phenomena are unknown, and there is no record of earthquakes.
From the lay of the island there is always one coast with calm water, whichever way the monsoon is blowing.
The troops and civil population of Puerto Princesa suffer to some extern from intermittent fevers ; but the reports of the military, naval, and civil infirmaries, state that the disease is not wry severe, and that it yields to treatment, and this assertion is confirmed by the reports of the French travellers, Dre Montano and Rey and M. Alfred Marche.
The northern part of the island has been colonised from the other Philippines, and the Christian inhabitants numberThe northern part of the island has been colonised from the other Philippines, and the Christian inhabitants number