312 THF. INHABITANTS OF THE PHILIPPINES
Calduas, or Itaves (21).
A SMALL tribe, living in a strip of country stretching across the great loop formed by the Rio Chico de Cagayan just before it enters the Rio Grande. They are peaceful and industrious cultivators, and grow rice and excellent tobacco. In former days, when the State monopoly was in force, they used to smuggle this, and were attacked, and their plantations laid waste in consequence. But now they are able to trade freely, and must have become prosperous. Very little is known about them. The word Caluas is also spelt Calaguas.
Camuangas and Bayabonanes (22).
These people live in the southern part of the province of Cagayan, say about 170 30' north latitude. On the north they have the Caluas, or Calaguas, and on the south the Dadayags. DAlmonte's map shows no hamlets in their territory, and the nearest visita is Gamuasan. Nothing is known about them, and Blumentritt considers it not improbable that they are a branch of the Dadayags.
A small tribe living in the north-west corner of Isabela, not far from the left bank of the Rio Grande.
These people, who have a language of their own, live in two long valleys extending from the Cordillera Central towards the east. According to DAlmonte's map, theseThese people, who have a language of their own, live in two long valleys extending from the Cordillera Central towards the east. According to DAlmonte's map, these