INHABITANTS OF THE PHILIPPINES.
EXTENT, BEAUTY AND FERTILITY.
Extent, beauty, and fertility of the ArchipelagoaVariety of landscape aVegetationaMango treesaBamboos.
The Philippine Archipelago, in which I include the Sulu group, lies entirely within the northern tropic ; the southernmost island of the Tawi-tawi group called Sibutu reaches down to 40 38' N., whilst Yami, the northernmost islet of the Batanes group, lies in 210 f N. This gives an extreme length of 1100 miles, whilst the extreme breadth is about 680 miles, measured a little below the 8th parallel from the Island of Balibac to the east coast of Mindanao.
Various authorities give the number of islands and islets at 1200 and upwards ; many have probably never been visited by a white maa We need only concern ourselves with the principal islands and those adjacent to them.
From the hydrographie survey carried out by officers of the Spanish Navy, the following areas have been calculated and are considered official, except those marked with an asterisk, which are only estimated.
Batanes Islands .
4*S3 721 332
Total Luzon and adjacent islands
50,242 b50,242 b