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resources of the philippines.
At the Spanish conquestaRiceathe lowest use the land can be put toaHow the Americans are misledaSubstitutes for riceaWheat formerly grownaTobaccoaCompafiia General de Tabacosa AbacaPractically a monopoly of the PhilippinesaSugaraCoffee aCacaoaIndigoaCocoa-nut oilaRafts of nutsaCopraaTrue localities for cocoa palm grovesaSummaryaMore sanguine forecastsaCommon-sense view.
The great wealth of the Archipelago is undoubtedly to be found in the development of its agriculture. Although the Central and Ilocan Mountains in Luzon and parts of Mindanao are rich in gold, it is the fertile land, the heavy rainfall and the solar heat, that must be utilized to permanently enrich the country, The land is there and the labour is there, and all that is wanting is capital, and a settled government that will make roads and bridges and keep them in repair, clear the rivers of obstructions and improve the ports, and above all, establish and maintain some tolerable courts of justice. The sun, the rain, the soil, and the hardy Philippine farmer will do the restaa population equal to that of Java could live in affluence in the Philippines.
The agriculture of the Philippines at the time of the first arrival of the Spaniards consisted mainly in the cultivation of rice. It is to the Spaniards that the natives owe the introduction of maize, coffee, cacao, sesame, tobacco, the indigo plant, the sweet potato, and many fruits. They also imported horses, horned cattle, and sheep. But the great development of the cultivation of sugar and hemp is almost entirely due to British capital, with some assistance from Americans.
The natives probably learned from the Chinese how to