156 THF. INHABITANTS OF THE PHILIPPINES
mission of accurate information ; nothing was cabled, except the accounts of victories gained by the American troops.
It would not be right, however, to pass over the fighting without rendering due tribute to the heroism of the American officers and soldiers.
Who can forget Colonel Funston's gallant exploit in crossing the Rio Grande on a raft under fire with two companies of Kansas Infantry and enfilading the Tagals' position ? Or his leading part of same regiment in a charge upon an enemy's earthwork near Santo Toms, where he was wounded ?
What could be finer than the late Colonel Stotsenburg's leading of the Nebraska regiment in the attack on Qufagua, where he was killed ? And since we are speaking of brave men, shall we not remember the late General Antonio Luna and his gallant rally of his army in the advance from Macabbe, when he fearlessly exposed himself on horseback to the American fire, riding along the front of his line ? To justify the slow progress of the army, jungles, forests, swamps and hills were introduced on the perfectly flat arable land such as that around Malolos, Calumpit, and San Fernando, extending in fact all the way from Manila to Tarlac.* This country supports a dense population, and almost every bit of it has been under the plough for centuries. The only hill is Arayat. During the dry season, say from November to May or June, the soil is baked quite hard, and vehicles or guns can traverse any part of it with slight assistance from the pioneers. The only obstacles are the small rivers and creeks, mostly ford able, and having clumps of bamboos growing on their banks providing a perfect material for temporary bridges or for making rafts.
The campaign was marked by an absence of co-opera-tion between the land and sea forces. Admiral Dewey, apparently, was not pleased with the way things were managed, for he is said to have stayed on board his ship for months at a time. The warships remained at anchor in Manila Bay whilst arms t and ammunition were landed at the outposts or on the coasts without hindrance, and it was not till November that troops were landed at Dagupan,
* My remarks apply to the accounts published in the Times.
t May nth, 1899, The New York Herald's correspondent at Manila reports that the insurgents have succeeded in landing ten machine guns on the island of Panay.t May nth, 1899, The New York Herald's correspondent at Manila reports that the insurgents have succeeded in landing ten machine guns on the island of Panay.