advanced the prosperity of the colony, as well as the native states, for numbers of these labourers, on becoming free and their own masters, have settled permanently in the country.
Only a narrow stretch of water separates the island of Penang from the mainland, and it is in this sheltered and natural harbour that ocean-going steamers anchor, as well as the smaller ones and
sailing crafts, which merely trade to the adjoining coasts.
The business houses of the merchants of Penang and the quarters of the native traders are all clustered together, and stretch along the shore close to this roadstead, which is alive with boats carrying various cargoes to and fro.
The town itself is situated on flat ground at the base of a group of hills, and is the chief centre ofThe town itself is situated on flat ground at the base of a group of hills, and is the chief centre of