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Text on page 304
The Philippine 'Islands.
hours, captured the place and drove the garrison back to the capital. In this engagement several hundred Spaniards were killed. The natives of a regiment distinguished for its loyalty, massacred their officers and joined the insurgents. It is said that the latter lost more than 2000 men ; but thousands were ready to take their places, eager for an opportunity to join against the common oppressor.
It was to quell a threatened mutiny of these troops in Manila, that the friars handed over $1,000,000 of their immense hoard to the Captain-General, that he might satisfy long-standing arrears of pay. At the same time, the insurgents received some field-guns, 5000 magazine rifles, and 200,000 rounds of ammunition from Admiral Dewey ; and Aguinaldo and his forces continued their victorious advance step by step, the Spaniards daily growing more discouraged.
In the latter part of June a body of United States troops landed and took possession of Cavit ; and in July Aguinaldo proclaimed himself President of the Revolutionary Republic.
SKETCH OF AGUINALDO.
General Emilio Aguinaldo v Famy is a little more than thirty years of age. He was born in Imus, a village near Cavit. His father was a planter, and the son was sent first to the College of St. Jean de Lateran, then to the University of St. Tomas in Manila. The youth's education cost his father much privation, for the cost of pursuing a course of study at these institutions is not less than 1200 francs a year, and the elder Aguinaldo had great difficulty to make both ends meet.
At St. Jean de Lateran the student is drilled in Spanish and Latin and the classics ; and when he is able to translate the masterpieces of Rome with facility, he is ready for the LTniversity of St. Tomas. This, like the College, is under the Dominicans. In the University, the principal studies are physics, metaphysics, theology, jurisprudence, law, and medicine.
Aguinaldo was adjudged a very dull student, and gave no promise of distinction. In fact, the Dominicans finally sent himAguinaldo was adjudged a very dull student, and gave no promise of distinction. In fact, the Dominicans finally sent him