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Commerce During the Present Century.
goods and hardware are now furnished principally by Germany and Switzerland, but the Manchester cotton goods are supplemented by similar fabrics made in Barcelona. The imports from the United States are chiefly kerosene oil and flour.
As an indication of the growth of Philippine trade since the intrusion of foreign shippers put an end to the mediaeval obstrue-tions of Spain, some figures may be quoted:
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In 1841 the imports of the islands aggregated in value $3,230,-000, the exports, $4,370,000. In 1885 the imports had increased to $19,171,468 ; the exports to $24,553,686. In 1893 the imports aggregated $25,500,000 ; the exports $30,000,000. These figures are estimated, however, in Mexican dollars, the currency of the islands, which is at a large discount elsewhere.
In 1895 the principal exports of the Philippines were : Hemp, $I4A5i7,ooo; sugar, $10,975,000; tobacco, $3,159,000; cocoa-In 1895 the principal exports of the Philippines were : Hemp, $I4A 5i7,ooo; sugar, $10,975,000; tobacco, $3,159,000; cocoa-