32 THE PEARL OF THE ORIENT.
tors were among the criminals of the lowlands of Negros and the sugar plantations of Luzon, driven out by the Spanish and married to Sulu women. They appear to have inherited all of the worst qualities of their progenitors without any of their better natures. The Spanish have had serious trouble with them, and the wars are records of the most cruel deeds on both sides.
Among the less numerous races may be mentioned the Gaddanes, of the northwestern part of Luzon. This is a dark, picturesque people, wearing long hair, taking the scalps of their victims in war, and offering them as a marriage dowry and proof of their valour. They still meet annually under the bursting buds of the fire-tree, and offer their collections of trophies of war with rude ritual rites to their gods.
Another race still unsubdued is the Igorrotes, of the northern half of the same island. These people are copper-hued, like the North American Indians, and, like them and the Gaddanes, take the scalp of those they slay in battle. They are pagan of a fanatical type, but conceal their gods and graven idols in the caverns of the mountains.
The Tinguianes live in the territory of ElThe Tinguianes live in the territory of El