RIVALE Y OF CHURCH AND STATE. 65
the simple offence of selling produce of their own raising without a license, which they had no money to buy, were publicly whipped. Men were sent to dungeons that held horrors exceeding death for no greater crime than having allowed a sick buffalo to die on their hands. Tax collectors, called gobernadorcilloes, were appointed for certain districts, and were held responsible for the amounts of taxes ordered to be collected. Whatever deficiency existed at the time of settlement they were obliged to make up from their own property. These had their deputy collectors, who were likewise held responsible to them, and if they failed to render the expected returns their property was seized, and from the proceeds of a forced sale the balance made up. If this did not equal their indebtedness they were sent to prison. It has been no unusual sight to see able-bodied men, who had once been planters of means, despoiled of their crops and animals, even their homes, ragged and penniless, on their way to imprisonment for some paltry sum, while their families were left to look out for themselves.
This situation is better understood when the actual power of the Church is considered. ThisThis situation is better understood when the actual power of the Church is considered. This