Cincinnati, New York:
Jennings and Pye; Eaton and Mains,
Text on page 51
Social Order and General Characteristics. 51
that village or group of villages in previous years, or make good the deficit out of his own estate. The favor of high Manila authorities was shown freely to such officials as made the largest gains in tax receipts. What these gains meant to the people was a kind and degree of oppression such as we can but dimly understand.
And when to these extortionate methods of tax-gathering were added the petty exactions of the old police, or Guardia Civil, demanding fowls, eggs, milk and goats from poor villagers, and sneering at any suggestion of remuneration, it begins to be apparent that he was happiest who had the least of this worldas goods. And when to all this burden were added the depredations of thieves, or aladrones,a with whom the police were openly confederate, and ceaseless demands for money from friar and priest for baptism, marriages, funerals, masses, and shrivings, it is quite clear that the Filipino had little prospect of enjoying the fruit of his toil, and may have easily come to the conclusion that he w-ould toil just enough to sustain life and keep a shelter over his head. With fixed taxes of a reasonable amount, collected once only; with police protection against ladrones, and priests shorn of power to monopolize all churchly functions; with good roads, railways, and better methods of tilling the soil,athere is good reason to believe that this admitted defect in the average Filipino character will gradually pass away.
As to other indictmentsaingratitude, cruelty and the likeathey are not so serious, nor so readily proven. Indifference to the infliction of pain does appear to be a charge that can be truthfully lodged against nearly all inhabitants of the East. It is true ofathe native of India, and in a degree is true also of the Chinese. But a campaign of education has never been carried on againstAs to other indictmentsa ingratitude, cruelty and the likea they are not so serious, nor so readily proven. Indifference to the infliction of pain does appear to be a charge that can be truthfully lodged against nearly all inhabitants of the East. It is true ofa the native of India, and in a degree is true also of the Chinese. But a campaign of education has never been carried on against