Cincinnati, New York:
Jennings and Pye; Eaton and Mains,
Text on page 389
The Religious Situation.
they have seen, they are in open revolt. Many of these are men who have studied in European universities, and observed 'the beliefs of other nations. Is infidelity to claim all these, the natural leaders of Filipino thought? Rome will never hold them. She has lost that hold. For form's sake and for social reasons, they may not utterly and openly break with her unless they find satisfaction for their thirsty spirits; but members they are not, and never will be, in any true sense of that term. Either Protestantism must win them with a reasonable presentation of the claims and promises of Christ, or they will not only be lost, but will drag others down with them.
Hundreds of thousands will run into superstitions yet deeper than those which hold them now, if that is possible, unless help is given soon. As a class, superstition rules the larger portion of this great horde of restless souls. Will they plunge yet deeper into this abyss?
aMany of these superstitions are survivals of former idolatrous beliefs. One of the most prominent of the latter superstitions is that of aanting-anting.a The most ignorant classes firmly believe that certain persons are * possessed of a diabolical influence called anting-anting, which preserves them from all harm. They believe that the body of a man so affected is even refractory to the effects of bullet or steel. Brigands are often captured wearing medallions of the Virgin Mary or the saints as a device of the anting-anting. . . . Some highwaymen, too, have a curious notion that they can escape punishment for a crime committed in Easter week, because the thief on the cross was pardoned his sins.a*
Certain images like that of the Holy Child of Bangi, the Santo Nino de Cebu, St. Francis de Assisi, Our Lady of Cavsaysay, and the Virgin of Antipolo, are believed to have miraculous powers, and to exert them on behalf
* Foreman.* Foreman.