Cincinnati, New York:
Jennings and Pye; Eaton and Mains,
Text on page 279
The; Chinese; in the Philippines. 279
is true of the mass that the fascination of games of chance, with the excitement of winning or losing as an incentive, is irresistible. This habit in the many produces a few professional gamblers, who are a curse to any city in which they reside. In spite of rigid laws against gambling in Manila, Chinese games go on at all hours, and with such secrecy that detectives can with difficulty get the scent. These resorts attract many who lose their all in a few nights of hazard.
The community as such runs to secret societies. The ramifications of these organizations run into all parts of the Chinese community. There is no wav that the Occidental mind can unravel so tangled a skein as that which Chinese fraternal or secret orders present to his mind. The idea of all of these societies is that of mutual assistance and protection. It is carried so far that they protect one another right or wrong. The chief operations of these organizations are found in the business world. By their means every merchant is related to and sustained by the brotherhood, and it is almost impossible to reach him by any kind of pressure. It must be said 'that, as a rule, the word of a Chinese merchant is as good as the bond of other traders; but this wholesale working of secret orders has effects of a baleful sort on the community within which it flourishes. It is at its root responsible for that stubborn aloofness with which the Chinese race stands off by itself, instead of merging in the life of the people.
Hoarding for its own sake is common, and makes the merchant who does it a menace rather than a stimulus to the place in which he trades. It withdraws capital from useful channels. This hoarding is usually carried on with a view to retirement to China after years of saving, and living at ease.Hoarding for its own sake is common, and makes the merchant who does it a menace rather than a stimulus to the place in which he trades. It withdraws capital from useful channels. This hoarding is usually carried on with a view to retirement to China after years of saving, and living at ease.