Cincinnati, New York:
Jennings and Pye; Eaton and Mains,
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another thing. Unless the government desires to raise up a swarm of agitators ready to lift the hand against the government which has carried them up to the point of preparedness for government service at high salaries, unless that service with its attendant salary is immediately forthcoming, it will do well to hedge the entrance to its highest temple of knowledge with restrictions of kinds that will not shut out the worthy student of limited means, but will shut out the mere idler. The experience of free university education in British India is to the point.
Improvements which naturally fall within the province of the civil engineer are of three kinds,aharbor, transportation, and sanitation.
Spain had adopted a good plan of harbor improvement for Manila. She had made a few feeble preparations to begin to accomplish the improvement. But again peculations and delays, and more peculations and more delays, so that, beyond the partial construction of one or two heavy breakwaters needed and the manufacture of a large number of immense cubes of artificial stone, nothing had been done. The harbor at Manila is one that demands artificial docks and protected anchorage. Manila Bay is more than thirty miles long and twenty-two miles wide. It is shallow. Near the long, curving, sandy beach upon which Manila is built it becomes so shallow that vessels drawing fifteen feet of water can not pass the bar and enter the Pasig River, while vessels of deeper draught are compelled to anchor in the open, exposed to great peril during typhoons. Indeed, the anchorage anywhere on the Manila side of the bay is little, if any, better than at any point along the coast outside the bay.
This puts shipping to a double inconvenience. It compels anchorage in an unprotected place. It also compels the use of lighters for loading and unloading all shipments,This puts shipping to a double inconvenience. It compels anchorage in an unprotected place. It also compels the use of lighters for loading and unloading all shipments,