Cincinnati, New York:
Jennings and Pye; Eaton and Mains,
Text on page 153
The American Occupation.
aA. This Congress was made up by Aguinaldo. All the members may be said to have been appointed. There were a very few members who were elected by the people, but the great majority were appointed by Aguinaldo, and naturally the decisions of the Congress had to be as Aguinaldo desired.
aO. Did Aguinaldo have the power to remove members who did not vote to suit his wishes?
aA. Yes, sir.
aQ. Was the Congress fairly representative of the various provinces in the Philippine Archipelago, or chiefly made up of [the island of] Luzon?
aA. Luzon exclusively.
aO. In the island of Luzon, were the various provinces represented, or mostly Tagalogs?
aA. All Tagalogs.
aO. You say you were Vice-President of the Congress; did you ever preside?
aA. I only attended Congress twice, for the position did not suit me. I hardly stopped there. I did not like it, and I did not swear to support the Constitution.
aO. What importance did the Congress actually have? Were its decrees put into effect, or were they overruled by Aguinaldo and his cabinet when they were not pleasing to them ?
aA. Whatever Aguinaldo wished.
- aQ. I wish to know whether the Congress was dominated by Aguinaldo and his cabinet or not.
aO. Was it not true that the Congress passed a measure to the effect that the protection of the United States should be requested for the Philippines ?
aA. Yes, sir.
aO. And what was the reason that that resolution was not carried out?
aA. Because Aguinaldo disapproved of it.a
From February 4, 1899, to July 4, 1901, war continued. At the latter date it was aofficiallya declared at an end, and civil rule began; though there was desul-From February 4, 1899, to July 4, 1901, war continued. At the latter date it was a officiallya declared at an end, and civil rule began; though there was desul-