New York and London:
Harper and brothers,
Text on page 62
THE GEMS OF THE EAST
white; mangitet, black; mapula, red; and madulao, yellow. It is remarkable that such colors as blue and green, for instance, have no local name.
Similarly, the seasons of the year have been simplified to twoamaoran,1 the wet season; and maringet, the dry season. No special words are wasted in expressing day and night; adlao, light, and gabi, darkness, being considered sufficient to supply that want. Similarly, bulan, moon, does instead of month, as with the Chinese and other races.
As for ayears,a such easy-going people have never been known to look so far back or ahead of time; hence, no appropriate word is needed or used. The more up-to-date Filipinos, of course, when at a loss to find a word in their own native tongue, intersperse their conversation with Spanish, and in future may possibly do so with Americanized English words.
How do the Filipinos in general write? Nowadays, the civilized ones use the Spanish alphabet entirely. But in former times primitive alphabets bearing great resemblance to one another were, to a certain extent, employed, with variationsaevidently meant as improvementsaor possibly the results of deterioration.
We find that even such wild tribes as the Tagbanouas of Palawan or the Batacs, and the Manguianes of Mindoro, have certain rudimentary characters which closely remind one of Tagalo, Visayan, Pampango, Ilocano, or Pangasinan characters. Yet it is not easy to tell whether the Tagalos have adopted characters from some of these aboriginal tribes, or whether the latter have acquired whatever script they possess mainly from either the Tagalos or the Visayan, distorting and simplifying the letters to such shapes as their accustomed hands could imitate and their inaccurate eye could copy. Personally, I am of the latter belief.
It is rather interesting to note in the writings of all these people that letters were almost invariably formed by curves and seldom by lines, either straight or crossed. The sound ca is the only one which in Tagalo, and Visayan (and with
1 Oran means rain. 621 Oran means rain. 62